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[[Category:UgCS desktop User Manual]]
[[Category:Standard operations]]
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[[Category:UgCS desktop User Manual]]
 
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== [https://wiki.ugcs.com/ADS-B ADS-B] ==
UgCS supports ADS-B (Automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast) receivers and transponders. When using an ADS-B receiver, UgCS will warn user about collision possibilities between vehicles. If using an ADS-B transponder, it is possible to configure and use it during flight with the help of UgCS.
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=== Receiver =<br>UgCS gives warnings about dangerous convergences concerning vehicles controlled by UgCS, and vehicles observed by UgCS, via the microADS-B receiver. ==
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UgCS provides warnings about dangerous convergences concerning vehicles controlled by UgCS, and vehicles observed by UgCS, via the microADS-B receiver or [https://uavionix.com/products/pingusb pingUSB - uAvionix].
[[File:Image54.png|1000px|thumb|center|ADS-B icon]]
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To display the ADS-B monitor window, click on the ADS-B icon (Figure 37) at the very top right-hand corner of the screen.
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[[File:Image55.png|1000px|thumb|center|Figure . ADS-B monitor window]]
The calculation of the collision possibility is based on three parameters:
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* H – horizontal distance (meters)
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* V – vertical distance (meters)
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* T – warning time (seconds)
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Values for the vehicles, controlled by UgCS:
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* H = 20 m
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* V = 15 m
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* T = 60 sec.
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Values for the vehicles, observed by UgCS:
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* H = 9 260 m (5 NM)
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* V = 300 m
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* T = 60 sec.
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Warnings about possible collisions appear in the log window if vehicles, during the minimal convergence, would, in the future, violate both boundaries (H / V) of any other vehicle in a time less than T. A warning is not displayed if the minimal convergence occurred in the past and the vehicles fly apart from one another.
A warning is cleared if one of the following events occurs:
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* The minimal convergence persisted in the past and the spread angle between the trajectories is more than 20 degrees;
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* The minimal convergence persisted in the past and spread angle between the trajectories is less, than 20 degrees and the areas of the vehicles are not violated.
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Warnings are created only for vehicles which have been that were added to the vehicle list. When control is released, all current alerts for that vehicle are removed.
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An indicator in the top right corner shows whether any ADS-B receivers are currently connected. It is displayed green if a connection with at least one such device is active, and grey otherwise.
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=== Transponder ===
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If your the vehicle is equipped with an ADS-B Transponder or you wish to do sowill be at some point, it is possible to configure and transmit ADS-B messages using UgCS. As of this moment , UgCS supports Sagetech XPS-TR Mode S transponders. The following main functions for ADS-B Transponder configuration and usage are available:
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* To set ADS-B modes;
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* To set parameters;
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* To display annunciators;
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The following list of parameters are available:
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* '''SQUAWK''': must contain of four octal digits. Allowed digits are: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.
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* '''ICAO Address''': must contain of six hexadecimal digits. Allowed digits: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,A,B,C,D,E,F.
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* '''Aircraft registration (tail number)''': must contain of up to 8 symbols. Allowed are: 0-9, A-Z.
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* '''Flight ID''': must contain of up to 8 symbols. Allowed are: 0-9, A-Z.
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* '''IDENT* flag''': Yes (single direction button)
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* '''External altitude''': Yes/No
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[[*http://aviation.stackexchange.com/questions/3049/how-does-ident-work|How does IDENT work?]]
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[[File:Image56.png|1000px|thumb|center| ADS-B settings menu for reference]]
Transponder parameter usage:
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* ICAO Address and Aircraft registration/Tail number will remain the same for a specific vehicle in most of the cases. These parameters can be set in Vehicle Parameters section [https://wiki.ugcs.com/File:Image57.png Vehicle parameter menu where Tail number and ICAO address can be set] ).
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* SQUAWK parameter can be defined when necessary any time during the flight ([https://wiki.ugcs.com/File:Image56.png ADS-B settings menu for reference], a).
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* Flight ID should be set during preparation for take-off. That can be is done in the Preflight section ([https://wiki.ugcs.com/File:Image56.png ADS-B settings menu for reference], b).
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[[File:Image57.png|1000px|thumb|center| Vehicle parameter menu where Tail number and ICAO address can be set]]
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Available transponder modes ([https://wiki.ugcs.com/File:Image56.png ADS-B settings menu for reference], c):
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* OFF – Transponder is turned OFF
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* STBY – Standby mode. Transmission does not happen, device is set to low power consumption, is ready for start-up with reduced warm-up time.
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* ON – Transponder is transmitting and receiving data, but no altitude information is transmitted.
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* ALT – Same as “ON” 'ON' mode with the additional transmission of vehicle altitude.
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The following error codes can be displayed:
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* XPDR – General error code that is displayed if any of the following errors have occurred.
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* TEMP – If transponder temperature sensor reports an error.
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* GPS – Is displayed if there is no GPS signal.
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* ICAO – If there is no valid ICAO address set.
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* ES – Is displayed if the extended squitter has failed.
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[[File:Image58.png|1000px|thumb|center| ADS-B settings menu displaying XPDR and GPS error codes]]
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